That women writers, in particular, would be the ones to traverse the more shadowy corners of current Latin American fiction is perhaps no surprise, as a groundswell of frustration against restrictions on women’s rights and rising gender violence gathers force. Across the region, protest movements driven helpful resources by women have become fixtures of the political landscape in recent years.
Ideas that are now coded as feminist are identified as such in retrospect, but in order to do them justice, they need to be accounted for in their historicity. This study has limitations such as missing data, and variation in death certification validity and completeness. In addition, we could not retrieve mortality data from Guatemala and Bolivia, two of the poorest countries in Latin America. Moreover, several countries evidenced variations of mortality rates during the study period, which can be explained by the quality of death registration in each country.
The labor force participation of women in Latin America and the Caribbean is low, and the regions gender gap is one of the widest in the world. Although important progress has been made over the last 50 years (with womens participation rate going from around 20% in the 1960s to more than 60% toward the beginning of the 2010s), the pace of growth slowed down in the early 2000s. Once they enter the labor market, women tend to be employed in lower-paying and lower-quality jobs compared to men. On top of this unfavorable situation for women, they are in disadvantage in terms of the 21st century skills and they face “glass ceilings” which limit womens access to hierarchical positions, hindering their professional progression.
To predict the mortality rates to 2030, we used the Nordpred package in R software based on an age-period-cohort model (5-year calendar periods and 5 age groups). For Venezuela, the year 2014 was taken as a reference due to the lack of available information.
The pandemic appears to have triggered small positive changes in some important dimensions critical to women’s empowerment. The progress that women have made in terms of educational achievements is indisputable. In many countries, women have narrowed the gender gap in educational attainment and even surpassed men in enrollment and completion rates in secondary and tertiary education. For instance, in Jamaica, girls are slightly more likely than boys to complete lower secondary education (84.7% vs. 83.4%, respectively).
- But the first substantial rise in searches appeared in June 2016 following a shooting at Pulse nightclub, an LGBTQ dance club in Orlando, Florida, that was hosting its Latin Night on the date of the attack.
- Increasing pay transparency, providing Latinas access to information, negotiation tactics and connecting them with allies in the workplace can help Latinas in the fight for equal pay.
- For the most part, researchers have concentrated on Caucasian girls and women from middle- to upper-class backgrounds, with few doctors even equipped with the language and questions to ask Latina sufferers.
- In 1998, deaths from unspecified uterine cancer ranged from 3.9% in Chile to 50% in El Salvador, whereas in the last year of observation, the percentage ranged from 0% in Costa Rica to 29.1% in Ecuador.
- Government authorities highlight women’s inclusion and economic empowerment as drivers of sustainable development.
One important change is that men are participating more than before in household and unpaid care work, initially as a result of lockdowns, but subsequently during the pandemic. Despite this difficult panorama, I am confident we can reverse this scenario just as we were doing before the pandemic, when countries in the region were making significant progress in narrowing stubborn gender gaps.
However, timely administration of HPV vaccine and decentralizing treatment for cervical cancer are factors that still represent an important challenge to address in LAC. Mortality trends of cervical cancer among young women have large variability in LAC countries. Primary and secondary prevention in the community are necessary to accelerate a reduction of cervical cancer mortality by 2030. With this award, MLEA expands its Latina Leadership program, which creates safe spaces for young women, many of whom are immigrants and survivors of domestic violence and sexual assault. In the United States, tracing the history of Latin American feminism and its ideas is an urgent task.
Avances en la igualdad de género en América Latina y el Caribe: 40 años de reivindicaciones
This disparity, the researchers argue, is not due to a lack of intellectual capabilities, but rather a deficiency in opportunities. While Latinas have predominantly been excluded from research on body image and eating disorders, they are not immune from developing disordered eating habits and mental illnesses like anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa and binge eating disorder. On the contrary, despite rarely being reported or diagnosed,recent studiesshow that Latinas have eating disorders and body image issues at rates comparable to or greater than non-Latina whites.
Mujeres Latinas En Accion (Latin Women in Action)
If you were to accept everything you heard about Latinas, you might think they were scheming and hypersexual, yet socially conservative women whose “equal educational opportunities” and “competitive purchasing power” signify their “arrival.” Santos, who is the co-CEO of #WeAllGrow Latina, a lifestyle brand and online community that connects Latinas with career resources, didn’t realize she was being paid unfairly until another woman of color saw Santos’ pay stub on her desk and alerted her of the discrepancy. Many of the issues curbing Latinas from advancing in their careers and earning a fair, equitable wage start with access, career experts and business leaders point out.
Complementing Quijano, she maintains that the colonial/modern gender system required the categorization of human and non-human and the invention of racial divisions of the human. However, she critically adds that gender played an important role in these relationships, a point Quijano overlooks. As a result, the status of white women, existing alongside colonizing white men, operated on a different nexus committed to the reproduction of racialized humanity.
That pay gap translates to a staggering loss of nearly $1.2 million over a 40-year career. A Latina would need to work until she is nearly 90 years old — six years beyond her life expectancy — to be paid what a white, non-Hispanic man has earned by the time he turns 60, the NWLC reports. In general, well trained researchers are needed to increase the capacities for agricultural innovation and result dissemination, from project development, implementation to impact evaluation. Particularly, female researchers, professors, and senior managers are key in providing different insights from those of their male counterparts. Due to its zoological use, some find it dehumanizing to refer to women as “female”, especially in non-technical contexts. Other have criticized it as being overly used for women compared to the use of “male” for men. It is frequently used in police blotters, dispatches, reports, and medical or physiological documents to encompass girls and women.
On the positive side, protests led by women in Latin America have sparked hope that real changes to protect women will materialize. The #NiUnaMenos movement that began in Argentina has quickly spread throughout the region and is slowly reaching to nearly every corner of the globe. Translating to ‘Not One Less,’ the movement is championing important steps like treating femicide as a violation of human rights, promoting more effective training for members of law enforcement who deal with gender-based violence, and creating an official registry of femicide cases. For example, following his 2019 election, Argentinian President Alberto Fernández created the Ministry of Women, Gender, and Diversity. While creating new ministries and offices won’t by itself turn back the tide of femicide cases, it is helpful https://www2.census.gov/prod2/decennial/documents/1790m-02.pdf in boosting awareness.